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On this day in history – October 13 – The Germans

Today is Friday, October 13, 286 day of 2017 with 79 to follow.

The moon wanes. Morning stars are Mars and Venus. The evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of balance. (1925); former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in 1925; Jesse L. Brown, first African American navigator, in 1926; Melinda Dillon in 1939 (Aged 75); the musician Robert Robert, of the Chicago band, in 1944 (age 73); the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Paul Simon in 1941 (age 76); Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones in 1942; (1956-1989), in 1956 (60 years); Mary Osmond in Aa 1959 (58 years). Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer in 1960, 57. Naba Doc Rivers in 1961 (age 56). Actor Kelly Preston in 1962 (55 years); Football Hall of Fame member Jerry Rice in 1962 (55 years); Gold medalist in the gold medalist Kubian Sotomayor winner of the gold medal in 1967, 50 years. Actor Kate Walsh in 1967 (50 years). Actor Sasha Baron Cohen in 1971 (age 46); singer Ashanti in 1980 (37 years); Ian Thorpe, winner of the Australian Gold Medal in 1982 (35 years); first daughter Tiffany Trump in 1993 (24 years); actor Caleb McLaughlin in 2001 (age 16).

On this date in history:

In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered the creation of the first US naval fleet.

In 1792, the foundation stone of the White House was laid in Washington. It will be in November 1800 before the first presidential family – the John Adams family – moved.

In 1903, the Americans in Boston (later Red Sox) defeated the Pirates of Pittsburgh to win the world's first modern series, five to three.

In 1917, up to 100,000 people gathered in Fatima, Portugal, for the "miracle of the sun" and its strange solar activity and, for many, a glimpse of the Virgin Mary.

In 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its former pivotal partner.

In 1972, the Uruguayan airliner 571, carrying 45 people, including the rugby team from Montevideo, crashed in the Andes. It will take 72 days for the rescue to determine the fate of the survivors, and by that time, only 16 people left to tell their story. The story of the horrific survivor was brought to the big screen in a 1993 film, Alive.

In 1972, more than 170 people were killed in a Soviet plane crash near Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport.

In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez received the Nobel Peace Prize – the first winner of Central America. Arias acknowledged his work in promoting democracy and peace in Central America.

In 1990, the Syrian forces moved to Lebanon and removed the Christian militia leader General Michel Aoun from power, ending the Lebanese civil war.

In 1994, two months after the Irish Republican Army announced a cease-fire, Ulster's Volunteer Force and Ulster Freedom Vetters, two major paramilitary groups fighting to keep Northern Ireland the majority of Protestants in the UK, announced a cease-fire.

In 2003, the famous American knight Bill Schumacher, who won nearly 9,000 races, died at his home in San Marino, California, and was 72 years old.

In 2010, more than two months after half a mile under the Chilean desert, the first 33 trapped miners were pulled to safety in a narrow tunnel dug through more than 2,000 feet of rocks, to be followed in the next 24 hours of Before the rest of the crew at the dramatic end to the remarkable rescue mission.

In 2013, the stampede of worshipers across a bridge over the Indus River at a Hindu festival in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh killed more than 100 people and wounded scores more. A police official said people were horrified when rumors spread that the bridge was collapsing.

In 2016, singer and songwriter Bob Dylan won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Dylan said he was honored by a bonus, but missed a ceremony to receive because of "pre-existing commitments." Taken in April 2017.

Thought today: "Desire is the most important factor in the success of any athlete." – Bill Schumacher

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