October 13 (OBE) – On this date in history:
In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered the establishment of the first US naval fleet.
In 1792, the foundation stone of the White House was laid in Washington. It will be in November 1800 before the first presidential family – the John Adams family – moved.
In 1903, Americans in Boston (later known as the Red Sox) defeated the Pirates of Pittsburgh to win the world's first modern series, five to three.
In 1917, up to 100,000 people gathered in Fatima, Portugal, for the "miracle of the sun" and its strange solar activity, and for many, a glimpse of the Virgin Mary.
In 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its former pivotal partner.
In 1972, the Uruguayan airliner 571, carrying 45 people, including the rugby team of Montevideo, crashed in the Andes. It will take 72 days for the rescue to determine the fate of the survivors, and by that time, only 16 people left to tell their story. The story of the horrific survivor was brought to the big screen in a 1993 film, Alive .
In 1972, more than 170 people were killed in a Soviet plane crash near Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport.
In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez received the Nobel Peace Prize – the first winner of Central America. Arias acknowledged his work in promoting democracy and peace in Central America.
Photo of Gary C. Casci / Bie
In 1990, Syrian forces moved to Lebanon, displacing the Christian militia leader General Michel Aoun from power, effectively ending the Lebanese civil war.
In 1994, two months after the IRA announced the cease-fire, Ulster's Volunteer Force and Ulster Freedom Vetters, two major paramilitary groups fighting to keep Northern Ireland the majority of Protestants in the UK, announced a cease-fire.
In 2003, the famous American knight Bill Schumacher, winner of the nearly 9000 race race, died at his home in San Marino, California, and was 72 years old.
In 2010, more than two months after half a mile under the Chilean desert, the first 33 trapped miners were pulled to safety in a narrow passage dug through more than 2,000 feet of rock, to be followed in the next 24 hours of Before the rest of the crew at the dramatic end to the remarkable rescue mission.
In 2013, the rally of worshipers across a bridge over the Indus River at a Hindu festival in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh killed more than 100 people and wounded scores more. A police official said people were horrified when rumors spread that the bridge was collapsing.
In 2016, pop singer and songwriter Bob Dylan won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Dylan said he was honored by a bonus, but missed a ceremony to receive because of "pre-existing commitments." Taken in April 2017.
Obi Phil Photo